Documents included in this toolkit have been identified by members of the USAID Advancing Nutrition Anemia Task Force. The Anemia Task Force members are experts in fields of study related to various aspects of anemia - biology, its assessment, interventions to reduce its burden, and the enabling environment that influences anemia policies and programs. The included resources have been selected for their utility in understanding anemia and relevant to actions that can be taken to reduce it.
This toolkit will be updated on a rolling basis – for inquiries or suggestions for resources to add, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Factors Associated with Anaemia in a Nationally Representative Sample of Nonpregnant Women of Reproductive Age in Nepal
National Micronutrient Status Survey published by Maternal & Child Nutrition in
This study evaluated haemoglobin, biomarkers of iron status and other micronutrients, infection, inflammation, and blood disorders from the cross‐sectional 2016 Nepal National Micronutrient Status Survey with the aim to evaluate factors associated with anaemia among a nationally representative sample of nonpregnant women of reproductive age.
The Proportion of Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency in Low, Medium, and High Human Development Index Countries: A Systematic Analysis of National Surveys
Systematic Review published by Nutrients in
This article presents findings from a meta-analysis assessing the proportion of anemia that is attributable to iron deficiency. Data from 23 countries was pooled for pre-school children and non-pregnant women of reproductive age and the proportion of anemia attributable to iron deficiency was estimated by region, inflammation exposure, anemia…
Literature Review published by Hematology/Oncology Clinics in
This article provides a framework for understanding the population-specific epidemiology and pathophysiology of anemia globally. The authors used the systematic approach of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2013 study to elucidate levels and trends of anemia-related disability. The study includes estimates of prevalence and…
These profiles provide a snapshot of country-specific national anemia profiles developed by SPRING. Each profile provides information on:
the causes and burden of anemia,
the policy environment,
program indicators that allow monitoring progress against anemia targets.
Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Pregnancy: The Role of Parenteral Iron
Literature Review published by Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in
This review presents evidence on the impact on maternal mortality of iron–folic acid supplementation from observational studies that were analyzed for the Global Burden of Disease analysis in 2004, and summarizes the evidence from other reviews on this topic.
The Inherited Disorders of Hemoglobin: An Increasingly Neglected Health Burden
Literature Review published by Indian Journal of Medical Research in
This review presents current global estimates of common inherited hemoglobin disorders such as sickle cell anemia and ß-thalassemia, and highlights the lack of evidence and the need for further research and collaboration in this area.
Maternal Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation Programs: Evidence of Impact and Implementation
Literature Review published by Food and Nutrition Bulletin in
This review presents evidence on the impact on maternal mortality of iron–folic acid supplementation from observational studies that were analyzed for the Global Burden of Disease analysis in 2004, summarizes findings from other reviews on this topic, and presents data on anemia reduction from two large-scale national programs as well as factors…