Do Non-Maternal Adult Female Household Members Influence Child Nutrition? Empirical Evidence from Ethiopia

Usman, Muhammed Abdella, Lukas Kornher, Tekalign Gutu Sakketa. Maternal & Child Nutrition, July 2021
Research Articles
Having an additional non-maternal adult female household member is significantly associated with higher height-for-age and weight-for-age z-scores and reduces the likelihood of severe stunting.

Do Not Transform Food Systems on the Backs of the Rural Poor

Davis, Benjamin, Leslie Lipper, Paul Winters. Food Security, January 2022
  • Food Systems
Research Articles
Many food system transformation approaches do not explicitly include measures to ensure that envisioned changes will improve the livelihoods of low-income people living in rural areas. Such modeling risks transforming food systems to reach environmental and nutritional objectives without considering unintended consequences for this population.

Do's and Don'ts for Engaging Men and Boys

USAID Interagency Gender Working Group, January 2019
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Reports and Tools
A practical job aid for decision-making about programs, policy, media coverage, research, and funding priorities, this two-page document details recent lessons learned and best practices for engaging males in health promotion and gender equity work across health areas. It encourages users to consider men’s roles as clients, partners, and agents of change.

The Do's and Don'ts in Monitoring Salt Iodization and Iodine Status: Guidance on the Monitoring of Salt Iodization Programmes and Determination of Population Iodine Status

Iodine Global Network and UNICEF, February 2020
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Events
Representatives from the Iodine Global Network and UNICEF presented on the Guidance on Monitoring Salt Iodization Programmes and Iodine Status issued in 2018. During the webinar, speakers touched on subjects related to salt iodization, including implications for monitoring iodine nutrition programs, key recommendations from the UNICEF guidance, and how this guidance can inform program management. Related webinar recordings and presentation materials were also provided in Russian, French, and Spanish.

Double Burden of Malnutrition: A Systematic Review of Operational Definitions

Davis, Jennie N., Brietta M. Oaks, Reina Engle-Stone. Current Developments in Nutrition, September 2020
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Research Articles
While most double burden of malnutrition definitions include overweight and obesity variables, they diverge in their use of thinness, wasting, underweight, stunting, anemia, and micronutrient deficiency measurements. Clear, specific definitions will improve data comparability across populations, future surveillance efforts, intervention implementation and evaluation, and program and policy development.

Drivers of Food Acquisition Practices in the Food Environment of Peri-Urban Hyderabad, India: A Qualitative Investigation

Turner, C., S. Bhogadi, H. Walls, et al. Health & Place, March 2022
  • Food Systems
Research Articles
Findings from a study investigating food acquisition practices in Hyderabad, India, revealed a need for targeted interventions in external and personal food environments to improve diets, nutrition, and health.

Drivers of Under-Five Stunting Trend in 14 Low- and Middle-Income Countries since the Turn of the Millennium: A Multilevel Pooled Analysis of 50 Demographic and Health Surveys

Argaw, Alemayehu, Giles Hanley-Cook, Nathalie De Cock, et al. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, September 5, 2019
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Research Articles
Analyzing data from 50 Demographic and Health Surveys in 14 different countries since 2000, the authors of this study sought to detect trends in stunting and potential contributing factors. Their research found a decreasing trend in stunting among all countries. Factors such as improvement in women’s decision-making, increasing urbanization, and children's access to basic vaccinations were significantly associated with the decreasing trend and reinforce the need for a combination of nutrition-sensitive and -specific interventions. Findings from such analyses may help guide global efforts to reduce stunting and monitor progress against chronic childhood undernutrition.

Early Childhood Development in Humanitarian Standards and Guidance Documents

University of Virginia Humanitarian Collaborative, July 2021
Reports and Tools
Many caregivers in crisis settings have fewer resources and less time to provide children with attention and stimulation. Support for physical, mental, and socio-emotional needs and close relationships with nurturing caregivers can mitigate effects of trauma and displacement. Programs should explicitly target young children and caregivers, improve alignment with the Nurturing Care Framework, and identify priorities for comprehensive guidance.

Early Childhood Development and Stunting: Findings from the MAL-ED Birth Cohort Study in Bangladesh

Nahar et al. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 2019, June 25:e12864
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
The global early childhood development and nutrition fields lack robust research in low-income contexts on the link between stunting and child development. A recent study in Bangladesh, where 36 percent of under‐5 children are stunted, explored the differences in child development between non-stunted and stunted. The study found that stunted children had notably lower early childhood development scores than their non‐stunted peers on language, cognitive, social-emotional, and motor scales. In Bangladesh, stunting in young children is associated with poor developmental outcomes.

Early Childhood Development Through a Gender Lens: Designing Policies that Work for the Whole Family

Center for Global Development, December 2019
  • Early Childhood Development
  • Food Systems
Events
The links between early childhood development and women’s economic empowerment were the subject of the fifth annual Birdsall House Conference on Women. The event gathered researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to explore evidence-based solutions that benefit mothers, older sisters, caregivers, and children in a variety of areas, including nutrition and health.

Early Estimates of the Indirect Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Maternal and Child Mortality in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries: A Modelling Study

Roberton, Timothy, Emily D. Carter, Victoria B. Chou, et al. The Lancet Global Health, May 2020
  • Early Childhood Development
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
  • Food Systems
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
The authors of this study estimate maternal and child deaths that may result as an indirect consequence of COVID-19 and the disruption the pandemic may cause to health systems and the food supply. Although they make assumptions that lead to a wide range of anticipated outcomes, the common conclusion indicates a devastating increase in maternal and child deaths if disruptions to health care and food access persist. Their estimates are as high as 1,157,000 additional child deaths and 567,000 additional maternal deaths over the next six months.

Early Life Experiences and Trajectories of Cognitive Development

McCormick, Benjamin J. J., Laura E. Caulfield, Stephanie A. Richard, et al. Pediatrics, September 2020
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
Evidence demonstrates that a supporting and nurturing environment—defined as warmth and responsiveness, discipline and control, stimulation, and teaching—improves cognitive development. Conversely, chronic illness during childhood is negatively associated with cognitive development and school readiness.

Economic Evaluation of Multisectoral Actions for Health and Nutrition

Agriculture, Nutrition & Health Academy, August 2019
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Reports and Tools
Economic evaluations and metrics related to the costs and benefits of agriculture, food, and livelihood strategies can be highly complex. To bolster understanding of these evaluations, the Agriculture, Nutrition & Health Academy published this technical brief, which discusses economic evaluation typologies, existing economic evaluation guidelines, and the challenges and complexity of cost-benefit measurement in multi-sectoral actions for nutrition and health. The brief also provides researchers with a framework for measuring costs and benefits along the impact pathway and highlights opportunities for further research in light of existing method/metric gaps.

The Effect of Electronic Job Aid Assisted One-To-One Counselling to Support Exclusive Breastfeeding Among 0–5-Month-Old Infants in Rural Bangladesh

Billah, Sk Masum, Tarana E. Ferdous, Abu Bakkar Siddique, et al. Maternal & Child Nutrition, May 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Research Articles
Breastfeeding counseling and practical demonstrations are promising interventions to improve exclusive breastfeeding and are scalable within existing community‐based programs.

Effect of Feeding Practices on Nutritional Status of Infant and Young Children Residing in Urban Slums of Berhampur: A Decision Tree Approach

Satapathy, Durga Madhab, Nivedita Karmee, Sanjaya Kumar Sahoo, et al. Indian Journal of Public Health, April 2021
Research Articles
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF), and minimum dietary diversity (MDD) predicted wasting. Stunting predictors included EBF, minimum meal frequency, and MDD, while underweight predictors included EBF, EIBF, and MDD. Practitioners can explain the probability of malnutrition in relation to various feeding practices to mothers and health workers using a decision tree approach.

The Effect of Food Price Changes on Consumer Purchases: A Randomised Experiment

Waterlander, Wilma E., Yannan Jiang, Nhung Nghiem. The Lancet. August 1, Vol. 4(8): 394-405.
  • Food Systems
Research Articles
Governments are increasingly implementing health-related food taxes to reduce consumption of unhealthy foods. Although research indicates that these policies are effective at reducing consumption of a targeted nutrient or food, little is known about their impact on the total diet. This study used a virtual supermarket to emulate different food price and subsidy scenarios and determine the effect of price changes on the consumer's total food basket. The study confirms existing research by demonstrating that food taxes can be used to improve diets, but also indicates a more comprehensive policy approach that combines multiple taxes and subsidies may be most effective.

The Effect of Malnutrition and Micronutrient Deficiency on Children’s Mental Health

Grantham-McGregor, Sally, Joanne Smith. Mental Health and Illness of Children and Adolescents, March 2020
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
Data suggest that psychosocial interventions can improve malnourished children’s mental health but there is insufficient evidence on the effects of such interventions on supplementation. The World Health Organization recommends that malnourished children participate in psychosocial interventions and stresses the importance of more research on the mental health sequelae of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies.

Effect of Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Interventions with Participatory Videos and Women's Group Meetings on Maternal and Child Nutritional Outcomes in Rural Odisha, India (UPAVAN Trial): A Four-Arm, Observer-Blind, Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial

Kadiyala, Suneetha, Helen Harris-Fry, Ronali Pradha, et al. The Lancet Planetary Health, May 2021
Research Articles
Women's groups that employ a combination of nutrition-sensitive agriculture videos, nutrition-specific videos, and participatory learning and action cycle meetings improve maternal and child diet quality. While these components have been implemented separately in several low-income settings, scaling them together could increase their impact.

Effective Coverage Measurement in Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health and Nutrition: Progress, Future Prospects, and Implications for Quality Health Systems

Marsh, Andrew D., Moise Muzigaba, Theresa Diaz, et al. The Lancet Global Health, May 2020
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Research Articles
The widely used intervention coverage metric does not address quality and potentially overestimates the health benefits of services. Authors recommend that effective coverage be defined as the proportion of a population in need of a service that results in a positive health outcome from the service, and they identify several research priorities.

Effective Nutrition Governance is Correlated with Better Nutrition Outcomes in Nepal

Namirembe, Grace, Robin Shrestha, Julieta Mezzano, et al. BMC Pediatrics, October 2021
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
Data collected to determine the relationship between the Nutrition Governance Index (NGI) and anthropometry highlight the importance of effective management of policy-based programming and resource use to produce nutrition gains. The NGI explains variation in height-for-age and weight-for-height, underscoring the important role that good governance plays in promoting child nutrition and growth.

Effective Pathways to Africa's Agricultural Transformation

Agrilinks, August 2021
Events
Speakers discuss necessary investments to ensure the agricultural sector can deliver sufficient food and nutrition supplies and ensure good farmer incomes. They address the roles of individual stakeholders, partnerships, and leadership to build an inclusive agricultural transformation, and stress the importance of public sector commitment and private sector participation. This is a webinar.

Effectiveness of Breastfeeding Support Packages in Low- and Middle-Income Countries for Infants under Six Months: A Systematic Review

Rana, Ritu, Marie McGrath, Ekta Sharma, et al. Nutrients, February 2021
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
Breastfeeding counseling and education support packages have the greatest impact on breastfeeding practices followed by breastfeeding training, promotion, and peer support. For at-risk infants, support packages need to be adapted and formally tested. Additional research should examine the impacts of breastfeeding support on anthropometry and morbidity.

Effectiveness of Family-Centered Program for Enhancing Competencies of Responsive Parenting among Caregivers for Early Childhood Development in Rural India

Gaidhane, Abhay, Shital Telrandhe, Penny Holding, et al. Acta Psychologica, September 2022
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
Researchers assessed caregivers’ knowledge and skills about child development and evaluated the effect of an intervention on the home environment, mother-child interactions, and development outcomes in India. Locally adapted curriculum improved competencies and confidence to promote early child development.

The Effects of Community Home Visit and Peer Group Nutrition Intervention Delivery Platforms on Nutrition Outcomes in Low and Middle-income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Janmohamed, Amynah, Nazia Sohani, Zohra S. Lassi, et al. Nutrients, Vol. 12, Issue 2, p. 440, February 2020
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
How effective are community health worker home visits and mother/peer groups in improving nutrition outcomes in low- and middle-income countries? The authors of this study found that home visits by community health workers increased early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding, while mother/peer groups improved children’s minimum dietary diversity and increased minimum meal frequency. The paper concludes that these findings point to the importance of community platforms for service delivery to improve infant and young child feeding practices and nutritional status.