The Social Norms Atlas: Understanding Global Social Norms and Related Concepts
Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)Maternal Nutrition
While there is interest and funding to explore how social norms concepts and theory might facilitate social norms change, the success of applying these concepts and theory has been inconsistent. The Social Norms Atlas provides guidance to increase social norms knowledge and strengthen understanding of social norms relevant to particular sectors.
Social Norms in the Gender Digital Divide: USAID Digital Strategy Update
Adolescent NutritionMaternal Nutrition
Information and communication technology (ICT) provides women with access to information and services that enable time savings, greater security, and freedom of expression and can catalyze economic growth.
If You Don't Find Anything, You Can't Eat-Mining Livelihoods and Income, Gender Roles, and Food Choices in Northern Guinea
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) continues to grow in sub-Saharan Africa, but how ASM affects food choices among those living in mining camps is not well understood. Research findings suggest that while artisanal mining may provide women with higher wages, financial benefits are often reduced or constrained by existing gender roles, which impacts household food decision-making.
Effect of Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Interventions with Participatory Videos and Women's Group Meetings on Maternal and Child Nutritional Outcomes in Rural Odisha, India (UPAVAN Trial): A Four-Arm, Observer-Blind, Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial
Women's groups that employ a combination of nutrition-sensitive agriculture videos, nutrition-specific videos, and participatory learning and action cycle meetings improve maternal and child diet quality. While these components have been implemented separately in several low-income settings, scaling them together could increase their impact.
Emergency Nutrition Food SecurityInfant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)Maternal NutritionMicronutrient InterventionsResilience
This tool provides guidance for implementing partners to apply a nutrition lens to the selection of appropriate food assistance modalities and presents considerations in alignment with the four Modality Decision Tool concepts of appropriateness, feasibility, objective, and cost.
Lessons Learned and Recommendations from the Humanitarian-Development Nexus for Nutrition: Case Studies
Nutrition policies, plans, and programs have often not been adequately risk informed. Case studies examine how humanitarian and development partners can bridge divisions that exist and reinforce a humanitarian-development nexus to balance short-term responses with longer-term solutions. A French version is also available.
Maintaining Essential Nutrition Services to Underfive Children in Yemen: A Programmatic Adaptation Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19Emergency Nutrition Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)
The WHO has adapted the services it provides within the nutrition surveillance system (NSS), therapeutic feeding centers (TFC), and isolation units (IU) to respond to the pandemic. The Yemen case study discussed in this article may serve as a roadmap for other countries that intend to undertake similar adaptations.
Delivering Nutrition Interventions to Women and Children in Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review
Adolescent NutritionBreastfeedingEmergency Nutrition Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)Maternal NutritionMicronutrient InterventionsNutrition Assessment, Counseling, and Support (NACS)
This review synthesizes data on the delivery, coverage, and effectiveness of nutrition programs in areas of conflict. Available studies focus on micronutrient supplementation, nutrition assessments, and interventions for young children and pregnant and lactating women, but there is little research evaluating coverage or effectiveness of nutrition interventions.
Old Tricks, New Opportunities: How Companies Violate the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes and Undermine Maternal and Child Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)
Companies are using health claims and misinformation about breastfeeding (BF) to capitalize on pandemic fears. Proposed immediate actions include using findings to inform World Health Assembly actions, increasing enforcement of International Code violations, and addressing misinformation about BF in the context of the pandemic.
Implementing a Novel Facility-Community Intervention for Strengthening Integration of Infant Nutrition and Family Planning in Mara and Kagera, Tanzania
BreastfeedingInfant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)Maternal Nutrition
A multifaceted intervention to integrate maternal and infant nutrition and postpartum family planning (FP) into existing health contacts increased FP and early breastfeeding (EBF) at six weeks postpartum, demonstrated that lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) was acceptable, provided an entry point for important FP conversations, and reinforced EBF practices.
Vitamin A Deficiency Has Declined in Malawi, But with Evidence of Elevated Vitamin A in Children
Adolescent NutritionGrowth Monitoring and Promotion Micronutrient InterventionsNutrition Assessment, Counseling, and Support (NACS)
While the use of vitamin A-fortified staple foods and biannual high-dose vitamin A supplementation has led to the near elimination of vitamin A deficiency in Malawi, elevated levels of vitamin A among children suggests that interventions may need modification.
Haemoglobin Thresholds to Define Anaemia in a National Sample of Healthy Children and Adolescents Aged 1–19 Years in India: A Population-Based Study
Adolescent NutritionAnemiaGrowth Monitoring and Promotion Nutrition Assessment, Counseling, and Support (NACS)
Research findings support review of current WHO hemoglobin cutoffs to define anemia. Significant variations in the 5th percentile of hemoglobin values across the 1–19 years age range and between sexes argue against constructing common cutoffs in stratified age groups for convenience.
40th Anniversary of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes Event
BreastfeedingInfant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN)
Speakers present historical examples of implementing the International Code and discuss breastfeeding; first food systems and corporate power; the exposure to, and impact of, baby food marketing; and protecting breastfeeding from breast-milk substitutes marketing. This webinar is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.
Regional industrial food fortification program standardization requires aligning standards and regulatory frameworks; strengthening public- and private-sector institutional capacity to implement programs in a sustained way; monitoring guidelines; and cooperation around quality control, compliance, and enforcement.
Speakers discuss the relationship between micronutrient deficiencies in mothers and children and how evidence-based interventions and nutrition policy can help alleviate micronutrient malnutrition. This is a webinar.