Nutrition gaps in antenatal care services include lack of specificity in national guidelines and protocols, bottlenecks in micronutrient supplies, low provider knowledge and skills, inadequate supervision to reinforce counseling, and inadequate family engagement. National protocols should be more specific about key nutrition interventions and assign accountability for coverage and quality. Country models to improve provision and utilization of nutrition interventions based on comprehensive policy frameworks are critical.
Sanghvi, Tina, Phuong H. Nguyen, Manisha Tharaney, et al. Maternal & Child Nutrition, November 2021