March 2022

IconCapacity Strengthening

Research Articles

A Theory of Change for Guiding the Integration of Human-Centered Design Into Global Health Programming

LaFond, Anne, Montana Cherney. Global Health: Science and Practice, November 2021
How do human-centered design and traditional global health practices and mindsets integrate to drive more people-centered, innovative solutions to health challenges and achieve common health sector and global health ecosystem goals? This theory of change provides funders, implementing partners, and designers a tool to understand and apply human-centered design to enhance global health programming.

Reports and Tools

The Learning Hub

Aga Khan Foundation, n.d.
Users can access resources and take free courses focusing on health and nutrition, food security, early childhood development, climate resilience, and other topics. Courses are available in several languages.

Localization: A “Landscape” Report

Feinstein International Center, December 2021
Humanitarian assistance structures often exclude or marginalize local actors. Adopting a localization approach requires recognizing that policy changes can have unintended consequences, ensuring funding is more accessible to local humanitarian actors, investing in creating an enabling environment, building relationships with diverse local actors, and ensuring greater collective action among donors.

Organizational Capacity: An Enhanced Framework

USAID MOMENTUM, November 2021
This framework considers MOMENTUM’s programmatic interests in performance, resilience, sustainability, adaptive learning, and systems thinking. It focuses on key observable behaviors and practices that drive organizational performance and offers preliminary suggestions for how MOMENTUM and others can use the framework for organizational capacity planning and measurement for a stronger focus on organizational performance.

Events

Assessing Capacity: Lessons from a Social and Behavior Change Competency Assessment in Uganda

USAID Advancing Nutrition, February 2022
These presentations review the importance of competencies—knowledge, skills, and attitudes—in capacity strengthening for multi-sectoral nutrition, and how to translate them from concepts into tangible, relevant tools for designing high-quality capacity strengthening interventions. The webinars are available in English and French and are accompanied by presentation decks and transcripts.

IconEarly Childhood Development

Research Articles

Accelerating Progress on Early Childhood Development for Children under 5 Years with Disabilities by 2030

The Global Research on Developmental Disabilities Collaborators. The Lancet Global Health, January 2022
Disability funding has declined. Only 2 percent of global investments in early childhood development (ECD) from 2007 to 2016 was spent on disabilities, and the funding pattern has not improved since. The need to prioritize ECD for children living with lifelong disabilities is urgent and entails disability-focused programming and monitoring approaches, economic analysis of interventions, and substantial funding to address the needs of this group.

Assessing the Nurturing Care Content of UNICEF's Community-Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Package: Gaps, Best Practices, and Lessons Learned

Hromi-Fiedler, Amber J., Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Sofia Segura-Pérez, et al. Current Developments in Nutrition, February 2022
  • Early Childhood Development
Country-level best practices can address nurturing care elements missing from the generic UNICEF Community-Infant and Young Child Feeding Counseling Package. Sharing these practices will help countries prioritize context-driven, evidence-informed decisions.

Children Living with Disabilities Are Neglected in Severe Malnutrition Protocols: A Guideline Review

Engl, Magdalena, Paul Binns, Indi Trehan, et al. BMJ Journals, February 2022
  • Early Childhood Development
Few international and national guidelines have detailed discussions of the specific needs of children living with disabilities, and only one mentioned strategies during nutritional emergencies. Interviews identified barriers related to medical complexity, resource constraints, epidemiology, and integration with existing guidelines and pointed to the need for better evidence to identify and integrate these children into nutrition programs.

A Pilot to Promote Early Child Development within Health Systems in Mozambique: A Qualitative Evaluation

Jeong, Joshua, Lilia Bliznashka, Marilyn N. Ahun, et al. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, December 2021
Researchers assessed the delivery, acceptability, perceptions, barriers, and facilitators of integrating developmental monitoring, nutritional screening, and counseling in health facilities. They identified programmatic recommendations for enhancing service delivery and maximizing potential impacts on nurturing care and early child development outcomes. This article is behind a paywall.

IconFood Systems

Research Articles

Decisions to Start, Strengthen, and Sustain Food Fortification Programs: An Application of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Evidence to Decision (EtD) Framework in Nigeria

Friesen, Valerie M., Mduduzi, N.N. Mbuya, Frank T. Wieringa, et al. Current Developments in Nutrition, January 2022
  • Food Systems
Gaps in program design and implementation constrain the impact of food fortification. Using the GRADE EtD framework can strengthen the decision-making processes for health systems and public health, as well as improve program design, delivery, and health impacts.

Do Not Transform Food Systems on the Backs of the Rural Poor

Davis, Benjamin, Leslie Lipper, Paul Winters. Food Security, January 2022
  • Food Systems
Many food system transformation approaches do not explicitly include measures to ensure that envisioned changes will improve the livelihoods of low-income people living in rural areas. Such modeling risks transforming food systems to reach environmental and nutritional objectives without considering unintended consequences for this population.

Implementation and Scale-Up of Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of What Works, What Doesn't Work, and Why

Di Prima, Sabina, E. Pamela Wright, Indu K. Sharma, et al. Global Food Security, March 2022
  • Food Systems
Key areas for attention to enhance the success of nutrition-sensitive agriculture programs include learning from past successes and failures, strengthening local structures, and empowering communities and building resilience. Ensuring appropriateness and acceptability based on context knowledge, maintaining flexibility to address design limitations and unforeseen barriers, and developing supportive policy and governance are also important factors.

Reshaping Food Policy and Governance to Incentivize and Empower Disadvantaged Groups for Improving Nutrition

Wang, Jingjing, Xinyue Ding, Haixiu Gao, et al. Nutrients, February 2022
  • Food Systems
To end malnutrition in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era, multiple sectors—including health, agriculture, social protection, education, and infrastructure—must collaborate more effectively to develop and implement food and nutrition policies.

Viewpoint: The Case for a Six-Dimensional Food Security Framework

Clapp, Jennifer, William G. Moseley, Barbara Burlingame, et al. Food Policy, January 2022
  • Food Systems
This article makes the case for including agency and sustainability in policy frameworks examining food security in addition to availability, access, utilization, and stability. The impact of widening food system inequalities and growing awareness of the connections between ecological and food systems highlight the importance of these dimensions.

Reports and Tools

Food Safety: A Pillar of Food Security

Agrilinks, February 2022
  • Food Systems
Fresh vegetables and animal products are highly nutritious but highly susceptible to contamination. Achieving secure food systems requires understanding the complex relationships between nutrition and food safety as key components to the food security pillars of availability, utilization, and access.

Q&A: The Manufacture of Breastmilk Substitute Products is Pumping Tons of CO2 into the Atmosphere

Alive & Thrive, November 2021
  • Food Systems
The speaker discusses the environmental impacts of breastmilk substitutes and the need for governments to regulate misleading marketing messages, provide sufficient paid leave, and ensure better maternity care to support breastfeeding.

USAID Large-Scale Food Fortification Programming Guide: Supporting Food Fortification at a Country Level and on a Global Scale

Agrilinks, February 2022
  • Food Systems
The guide helps USAID Bureaus, Missions, and development partners assess specific needs and strategic opportunities to design, implement, monitor and evaluate, and adjust programming to local contexts. It supports progress toward USAID’s vision for sustainable, large-scale food fortification that improves access to adequate and affordable diets.

Zinc Fortification Country Briefs: Burkina Faso, and Senegal

IZiNCG, January 2022
  • Food Systems
Briefs provide the rationale for zinc fortification, describe zinc deficiency and food fortification efforts, and outline actions that governments and supporting partners can take to remedy zinc deficiency through fortification.

Events

Advancing Food Systems Transformation: Dialogue between German Development Cooperation and CGIAR

International Food Policy Research Institute, February 2022
  • Food Systems
Speakers discuss the importance of international food systems research and the science–policy interface for advancing key actions for agriculture, food systems, and food security strategy and initiatives. They also identify joint priorities, opportunities, and entry points for collaboration. This is a webinar.

A Decade of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI): Lessons from Using Empowerment Metrics

International Food Policy Research Institute, February 2022
  • Food Systems
Using the WEAI, index-based metrics are used to track progress toward women’s empowerment and gender equality in the agriculture sector. Speakers discuss the evolution of the tool, share findings from studies using the metrics, and reflect on what has been accomplished by applying the index in diverse contexts. This is a webinar.

Empowering for Success: Lessons in Supporting Women-Led Agribusinesses

Fintrac Inc., February 2022
  • Food Systems
Speakers discuss how the Accelerating Women’s Entrepreneurship award in 2018 and the Growing Women’s Entrepreneurship award in 2019 and 2020 support entrepreneurs and their businesses—and how recipients continue to leverage tools and resources developed as part of their awards. This is a webinar.

Sustainable Land Use: Role of Soil for Sustainable Food Systems: A Food and Agriculture Transatlantic Dialogue

International Food Policy Research Institute, February 2022
  • Food Systems
The Global Forum for Food and Agriculture report emphasizes the need to minimize soil degradation and restore degraded soils, and highlights the critical role that soils can play as carbon sinks. It calls for clear rules to ensure equitable access to land, greater focus on policy commitments and partnerships to improve soil health, and stewardship to meet global food needs while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

IconKnowledge Management

Reports and Tools

4 Women Scientists Breaking Down Barriers to End Hunger

USAID, February 2022
  • Knowledge Management
Through Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative, USAID supports scientists to break down barriers to becoming leaders and role models in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. This gathering features four women scientists who lead by example and harness local solutions to end hunger. This is a webinar.

2022: The Year of Nutrition

African Union, February 2022
  • Knowledge Management
Priorities include investing in data management and information systems; generating and disseminating knowledge to inform decision making; advocating for increased nutrition investment and commitment; developing partnerships and mutual accountability platforms for harmonized action and transparency; and improving institutional capacity and the enabling environment for greater action, results, and impact.

Global Challenges Mean That Advancing Nutrition is More Important than Ever

USAID Advancing Nutrition, February 2022
  • Knowledge Management
The global nutrition community saw the COVID-19 pandemic as a rallying call and galvanized support to prevent backsliding and improve nutrition around the world. In its third year of implementation, USAID Advancing Nutrition, worked at the global level and in 12 countries to strengthen nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive policies, programs, interventions, and systems to support and inform USAID’s strategic priorities.

Global and Local Partnerships Advance Nutrition

USAID Advancing Nutrition, January 2022
  • Knowledge Management
Collaborative multi-sectoral nutrition initiatives include establishing food security and nutrition planning guidelines; conducting training of trainers courses delivering nutrition-specific activities to adolescent girls, pregnant women, and women of reproductive age; and supporting governments to develop strategies and tools for nutrition services. USAID Advancing Nutrition will expand to support nutrition initiatives in four new countries this year.

Innovation Lab for Nutrition Legacy Report: 2010–2021

Feed the Future, February 2022
  • Knowledge Management
The Nutrition Innovation Lab’s evidence generation, policy strengthening, and capacity strengthening efforts contributed to improving nutrition through agricultural interventions. The report highlights key achievements and lessons learned during its decade of operation in nine countries.

Nutrition Financing Q&A with Senior Nutrition Advisor Rebecca Egan

Agrilinks, January 2022
  • Knowledge Management
Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) deliver about 75 percent of all food consumed in sub-Saharan Africa but generally struggle to access financing. The Nutritious Foods Financing Facility will bolster SMEs and demonstrate how direct loans to SMEs can contribute to positive nutrition outcomes by increasing supply and consumption of safe and nutritious foods.

USAID Advancing Nutrition Project Year 3 Summary: Priorities and Key Accomplishments

USAID Advancing Nutrition, February 2022
  • Knowledge Management
Priorities across teams include micronutrients, infant and young child feeding, healthy diets, and wasting prevention and management. Accomplishments include launching seven new country programs, convening experts to build consensus around progress in measuring nutrition, providing a platform to share learning and experience across countries, and partnering with local stakeholders to strengthen their capacity to sustain nutrition outcomes.

Events

Tanzania’s New National Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Action Plan: What’s New and Why?

USAID Advancing Nutrition, February 2022
  • Knowledge Management
The plan outlines multi-sectoral interventions across health; food; education; water, sanitation, and hygiene; and social protection. It addresses root causes of the triple burden of malnutrition, calls for more funding to finance nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions, prioritizes strengthening coordination mechanisms and continuous research and learning, and pushes for accountability for all involved in implementation. This is a webinar and is accompanied by a slide deck and webinar transcript.

IconMonitoring, Evaluation, and Learning

Research Articles

Basis for Changes in the Disease Burden Estimates Related to Vitamin A and Zinc Deficiencies in the 2017 and 2019 Global Burden of Disease Studies

Hess, Sonja Y., Alexander C. McLain, Haley Lescinsky, et al. Public Health Nutrition, December 2021
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Changes in the estimated disease burdens due to vitamin A and zinc deficiencies from 2017 to 2019 are primarily due to changes in analytical methods employed in the Global Burden of Disease studies; as a result, they may not represent true changes in disease burden.

Nutrition in Adolescent Growth and Development

Norris, Shane A., Edward A. Frongillo, Maureen M. Black, et al. The Lancet, January 2022
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Inadequate investments in nutrition policy development and research have inhibited the development of adolescent-responsive nutritional policies. This leaves the nutrition community without an integrated perspective on adolescent growth and development and the role that nutrition plays.

Sample Sizes for Saturation in Qualitative Research: A Systematic Review of Empirical Tests

Hennink, Monique, Bonnie N. Kaiser. Social Science & Medicine, January 2022
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Results provide empirical guidance on effective sample sizes for qualitative research, which can be used in conjunction with characteristics of individual studies to estimate an appropriate sample size.

Strategies and Interventions for Healthy Adolescent Growth, Nutrition, and Development

Hargreaves, Dougal, Emily Mates, Purnima Menon, et al. The Lancet, November 2021
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Effective interventions and policies for adolescent growth, nutrition, and development need to be multi-sectoral and supported by multi-faceted and multi-level policy, extending across education, health, food systems, social protection, and digital media. Data standardization and systems are essential to coordinate and monitor these responses. Resilient food systems need to ensure access to healthy and affordable foods and provide infrastructure and incentives for physical activity. Partnerships with young people are essential to ensure that food policies reflect their needs and aspirations.

Systematic Review of Metrics Used to Characterise Dietary Nutrient Supply from Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys

Tang, Kevin, Katherine P. Adams, Elaine L. Ferguson, et al. Public Health Nutrition, January 2022
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Using the household consumption and expenditure survey (HCES), researchers estimated household dietary nutrient supply to identify metrics reported and parameters used to construct these metrics. They summarized comparisons between estimates derived from the HCES and individual dietary assessment data and explored nutrient inadequacy in different demographic groups. Metrics included nutrient intake per adult-male equivalent, apparent nutrient intake per capita, and nutrient density. Nutrient intakes were generally overestimated.

Reports and Tools

Measuring Agency: What We Know and Where We Go from Here

World Bank, October 2021
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
The most appropriate ways to measure women’s agency remain understudied. Several policy briefs review gaps in measuring women’s control over assets, their goal setting and decision-making, and their sense of control and efficacy, and offer an action plan to bridge gaps.

IconNutrition and Health Systems

Research Articles

Gaps in the Implementation and Uptake of Maternal Nutrition Interventions in Antenatal Care Services in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and India

Sanghvi, Tina, Phuong H. Nguyen, Manisha Tharaney, et al. Maternal & Child Nutrition, November 2021
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Nutrition gaps in antenatal care services include lack of specificity in national guidelines and protocols, bottlenecks in micronutrient supplies, low provider knowledge and skills, inadequate supervision to reinforce counseling, and inadequate family engagement. National protocols should be more specific about key nutrition interventions and assign accountability for coverage and quality. Country models to improve provision and utilization of nutrition interventions based on comprehensive policy frameworks are critical.

Scoping Review of Intervention Strategies for Improving Coverage and Uptake of Maternal Nutrition Services in Southeast Asia

Kurian, Kauma, Theophilus Lakiang, Rajesh Kumar Sinha, et al. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, December 2021
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
This review recommends diverse strategies and delivery mechanisms, including health education, supplementation, community participation, and robust health system responses to achieve effective maternal nutrition programs.

Reports and Tools

Counselling to Improve Maternal Nutrition: Considerations for Programming with Quality, Equity and Scale: A Technical Brief

UNICEF, January 2022
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
This brief outlines approaches to improve the enabling environment for maternal nutrition counseling. Authors review key considerations for the design of counseling services and strategies to strengthen service delivery platforms and build health worker capacity. They also explore actions to improve women’s access to dietary supplements and nutritious and affordable diets, strategies for delivering counseling services in humanitarian contexts, and approaches to monitoring counseling services. Countries should invest in research to build evidence of how to strengthen the coverage, quality, and equity of counseling in different settings.

Field Exchange: Special Issue on Nutrition of Adolescents and School-Aged Children

Emergency Nutrition Network, November 2021
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Articles focus on implementing school-based nutrition programs, promoting youth leadership, improving food choices, and supporting pregnant teens. Authors discuss the importance of gender equality and the use of media and social media to influence behaviors, a social entrepreneurship program promoting healthy diets, and a program delivering weekly iron and folic acid supplementation and nutrition education.

Health and Nutrition Research and Evidence Digest

Save the Children, December 2021
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
This edition presents evaluations from various projects, including a nutrition project in Ethiopia, a maternal and child health project in Sri Lanka, and a family planning project in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Somalia. It also features a study focusing on COVID-19 prevention intervention protocols for social behavior change in Somalia; a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey for a COVID-19 project in Pakistan; research on appropriate infant and young child feeding practices for non-breastfed infants in emergency settings; and an article about integrating water, sanitation, and hygiene into a displacement crisis response.

Programme Guidance on Maternal Nutrition

UNICEF, January 2022
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
UNICEF provides country teams and their partners with guidance on designing, implementing, and monitoring evidence-based programs to improve women’s nutrition across the life course. It emphasizes the critical role of food, health, water and sanitation, education, social protection, essential nutrition services, and good nutrition practices in all contexts, and describes approaches to strengthen counseling.

Women's Nutrition: A Summary of Evidence, Policy, and Practice including Adolescent and Maternal Life Stages

Emergency Nutrition Network, January 2022
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
A study of evidence, interventions, and guidelines for the nutrition of adolescent girls and women found gaps that include a lack of guidelines on nutrition, preconception nutrition, and assessment of nutritional status. Other gaps include a lack of maternal outcome indicators, conflicting evidence about the best micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy, and a lack of integration of nutrition services within health systems. Authors provide recommendations for all gaps.

IconNutrition in Humanitarian Contexts

Research Articles

Child Nutrition in Disaster: A Scoping Review

Adeoya, Akindele Abimibayo, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Mikiko Fuda, et al. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, February 2022
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
To ensure that children receive nutrition support in disaster to prevent malnutrition, this study recommends an explicit and well-coordinated approach that includes preparedness; advocacy; policy development; periodic nutritional assessments and nutritional support; and nutrition education for children, families, and aid workers. Research should examine food allergies in children and how nutrition impacts child mental health.

Emergency Food Aid Challenges in Natural and Man-Made Disasters: A Systematic Review

Moslehi, Shandiz, Farin Fatemi, Samira Soleimanpour. Journal of Emergency Management, January 2022
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
The most common challenges in countries receiving humanitarian food assistance during disasters and emergencies related to access and monitoring. Research should focus on practical approaches to solve problems and increase the effectiveness of this aid. This article is behind a paywall.

Risk Factors of Stunting and Wasting in Somali Pre-School Age Children: Results from the 2019 Somalia Micronutrient Survey

Donkor, William E.S., Joshua Mbai, Fatmata Sesay, et al. BMC Public Health, February 2022
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
Young children in severely food insecure households, as well as children with inflammation and iron deficiency, had a higher risk of stunting. While wasting risk increased as household wealth decreased, it was lower in iron-deficient children than in iron-replete children. Wasting was also more common in children with recent diarrhea.

Supplementary Feeding of Moderately Wasted Children in Sierra Leone Reduces Severe Acute Malnutrition and Death When Compared with Nutrition Counseling: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Rajabi, Tannaz, Sam K. Schell, Sophia E. Agapova, et al. The Journal of Nutrition, January 2022
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
Children who received supplementary feeding were less likely to develop severe adult malnutrition (SAM) or die and less likely to develop SAM between 6–24 weeks. These children were more likely to have a healthy mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and higher rates of weight gain and MUAC at 6 weeks and 12 weeks. This article is behind a paywall.

IconSocial and Behavior Change and Gender

Research Articles

Changing Behavior, Attitudes, and Beliefs About Food Safety: A Scoping Review of Interventions Across the World and Implications for Empowering Consumers

Bass, Sarah Bauerle, Jesse Brajuha, Patrick J. Kelly, et al. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, January 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
While consumers are targeted for interventions to address knowledge gaps about food safety and behaviors that can reduce risk, there are no comprehensive analyses of these interventions. It is critical to understand how interventions could be expanded to include relationships between consumers and other actors in the food system, as well as how targeted communication strategies could affect behavior. Focusing on risk perception and strategies that leverage emotion and trusted sources may be useful.

Experiences Engaging Family Members in Maternal, Child, and Adolescent Nutrition: A Survey of Global Health Professionals

Lowery, Caitlin M., Hope C. Craig, Kate Litvin, et al. Current Developments in Nutrition, January 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
This research surveyed health professionals to document their experiences engaging family members in nutrition activities, their perceived barriers and facilitators, and their recommendations. Such research fills gaps in peer-reviewed literature to strengthen intervention design and implementation. Community ownership and sustainability emerged as key benefits of family engagement; responses also highlighted potential unintended consequences.

Maternal and Paternal Involvement in Complementary Feeding in Kaduna State, Nigeria: The Continuum of Gender Roles in Urban and Rural Settings

Allotey, Diana, Valerie L. Flax, Abiodun Ipadeola, et al. Maternal and Child Nutrition, January 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Household gender roles influence infant and young child feeding behaviors and may contribute to suboptimal complementary feeding practices through inequitable household decision making, intra-household food allocation, and limited paternal support for resources and caregiving, especially in rural areas. Findings point to the need for more context-specific approaches that address gender normative roles.

Reports and Tools

Focusing on Social Norms: A Practical Guide for Nutrition Programmers to Improve Women’s and Children’s Diets

USAID Advancing Nutrition, March 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
This guide is for program planners and implementers developing norms-responsive activities within nutrition-sensitive or nutrition-specific programming. It includes tips and tools to improve program outcomes by understanding and responding to social norms and incorporates background on how to identify norms and monitor and measure change.

Food Marketing Exposure and Power and their Associations with Food-Related Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviours: A Narrative Review

World Health Organization, February 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Marketing of unhealthy foods remains pervasive. This review adds evidence and perspectives on contemporary marketing. Authors provide evidence that supports action to restrict marketing to which children are exposed.

Events

Marketing the US$ 55 Billion Formula Milk Industry

World Health Organization, February 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Aggressive marketing practices used by the formula milk industry impact families’ decisions about how to feed their babies and young children. The webinar launching the report is available in Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

Past, Present, and Future: Reflections on Social Norms Measurement from the Passages Project

Core Group, February 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Experts discuss the current state of social norms measurement, contributions, promising approaches, and future priorities from a range of perspectives. This is a webinar.