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Caregiver Resource:


The Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) are household surveys to provide internationally comparable, statistically rigorous data on the situation of children and women. An optional indicator in the survey is the percentage of women who believe a husband/partner is justified in beating his wife/partner in various circumstances. This is similar to the question in the DHS Women’s Empowerment Module, with a slight variation in the order and wording. Consider using this or the DHS depending upon which of the national surveys are more common in the country.

This is measured as the percentage of currently married women, ages 15–49, who disagree with all of the specific reasons justifying wife-beating.

Scoring and Interpretation

Scored as a categorical variable (accepting attitude or not accepting attitude). An answer of “Yes” for at least one item is interpreted as an accepting attitude toward domestic violence.


UNICEF. 2006. Monitoring the Situation of Children and Women Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey Manual. United Nations Children’s Fund Division of Policy and Planning. New York: The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).

Context and Applications to Child Nutrition

Lao PDR 
Kamiya, Yusuke. 2011. “Socioeconomic Determinants of Nutritional Status of Children in Lao PDR: Effects of Household and Community Factors.” Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 29(4): 339–48.



Formative Research


Psychometric Characteristics


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