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These are measures identified through a systematic scoping review of the literature on complementary feeding and child nutrition between 6 months to two years of age in low- and middle-income countries.

This toolkit includes measures for eight Caregiver Resources. We selected measures based on two core criteria:

  1. their use in relation to child nutrition through a review of the literature.
  2. face validity, meaning the extent to which the measure fits the caregiver resource.

To help identify measures and tools which would be most useful, we then looked at whether they were available, based on theory or formative research, and, when tested, valid and reliable (see table below for criteria for selecting measures). Few measures met all of these criteria, so we considered these ideal criteria and included those we thought fit best and would be most useful.

Criteria for selecting measures for toolkit

(all measures were selected based on use in relation to infant and young child nutrition and screened for face validity for the relevant caregiver resource)

Criteria Description
Available and accessible The full measure is available for use, for free, and able to be linked to or embedded in the toolkit.
Use of formative research and theory The measure was developed using formative research and/or has a theoretical basis.
Used in multiple settings, evidence of adaptation Used in multiple settings and is able to be adapted to fit particular culture or population context.
Ease of use/low respondent burden The measure is easy to use and does not put an undue burden of time or cognitive stress on respondents.
Ease of scoring and interpretation The scoring for the measure is simple and straightforward. Interpretation of the score is uncomplicated.
Internal reliability Tested for internal reliability using standard tests such as Cronbach’s alpha or factor analysis.
Tested for validity Tested for validity using standard tests, e.g., convergent, which measures the degree to which the scale actually measures what it claims to measure.