The Continental Nutrition Accountability Scorecard: A Call for Better Advocacy and Accountability for Nutrition Investments in Africa

African Union, February 2019
  • Knowledge Management
Reports and Tools
Recommendations to tackle malnutrition in all its forms include increasing budgetary allocations for multi-sectoral nutrition plans, enforcing compliance with mandatory food fortification legislation, increasing women’s and girls’ empowerment, and ensuring timely collection of high-quality data.

Coronavirus puts 14 million people at risk of missing meals in Latin America and the Caribbean

WFP, March 2020
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
Research Articles
This article describes the specific challenges facing Latin America and the Caribbean in light of COVID-19. The economic downturn could quadruple levels of food insecurity, identifying women, school-aged children and migrants as the most at-risk groups. To respond to these challenges, authors call for increased social protection measures to meet the basic needs of vulnerable groups.

The Cost of Not Breastfeeding: Global Results from a New Tool

Walters, Dylan D., Linh T. H. Phan, Roger Mathisen. Health Policy and Planning, June 2019
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
This tool aggregates data to estimate the human and economic costs of not breastfeeding. Data attributed to not breastfeeding include childhood deaths from diarrhea and pneumonia, childhood obesity, maternal breast and ovarian cancers, and type 2 diabetes. Researchers conservatively estimate total global economic losses to be US $341.3 billion (0.70% of global gross national income) per year due to cognitive losses, health system treatment costs, and future lost earnings.

Counseling Is a Relationship Not Just a Skill: Re-Conceptualizing Health Behavior Change Communication by India’s Accredited Social Health Activists

Ved, Rajani, Kerry Scott, Global Health: Science and Practice, October 2020
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Research Articles
The ability of accredited social health activists to improve health outcomes depends on their relationships with families and the support from the health system. Training to improve interpersonal communication and develop strong relationships with community members will improve their efficacy as health behavior change communicators.

Counselling to Improve Maternal Nutrition: Considerations for Programming with Quality, Equity and Scale: A Technical Brief

UNICEF, January 2022
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Reports and Tools
This brief outlines approaches to improve the enabling environment for maternal nutrition counseling. Authors review key considerations for the design of counseling services and strategies to strengthen service delivery platforms and build health worker capacity. They also explore actions to improve women’s access to dietary supplements and nutritious and affordable diets, strategies for delivering counseling services in humanitarian contexts, and approaches to monitoring counseling services. Countries should invest in research to build evidence of how to strengthen the coverage, quality, and equity of counseling in different settings.

Counting the True Cost: How Understanding the Real Cost of Food Can Improve Nutrition for All

Global Alliance for the Future of Food, December 2021
  • Food Systems
Events
Food systems approaches such as True Cost and Value Accounting provide holistic assessments of the consequences and benefits of different food and nutrition interventions and evidence to improve nutrition strategies and policies. This webinar was a Nutrition for Growth Summit Side Event.

Countries' Experiences Scaling Up National Breastfeeding, Protection, Promotion and Support Programmes: Comparative Case Studies Analysis

Hernández-Cordero, Sonia, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Paul Zambrano, et al. Maternal & Child Nutrition, April 2022
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
Implementation science frameworks help identify key drivers for the scale- up of breastfeeding protection, promotion, and support policies and programs. Advocacy, multi-sectoral political will, financing, monitoring and evaluation, and coordination are key for enabling environments, as is improving maternity protection and tightening regulation and enforcement of the Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes.

COVID Vaccines and Breastfeeding: What the Data Say

Nature, June 2021
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Reports and Tools
Early research indicates that vaccines do not pass through breast milk—but antibodies do.

COVID-19 & Global Food Security: 2 Years Later

International Food Policy Research Institute, March 2022
  • Knowledge Management
Reports and Tools
The report examines the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on poverty, food security, nutrition, and health globally. It presents key lessons on food security and food system resilience and assesses policy responses to the crisis. Authors consider how the pandemic experience can inform recovery and longer-term efforts to build more resilient food systems.

COVID-19 & Nutrition: Crisis and Opportunity

Harvard Center for International Development, February 2021
Reports and Tools
As incomes have declined during the pandemic, families cannot afford nutritious foods while producers and sellers struggle to stay afloat. Health systems are overwhelmed,  families are reluctant to seek healthcare, and efforts to stop the spread of COVID-19 are decreasing coverage of other life-saving care. USAID Chief Nutritionist Shawn Baker shares data on the impacts of COVID-19 on nutrition as well as insights about how USAID and partners are using data to adapt programming and ensure more effective, coordinated responses to this crisis. This is a podcast.

COVID-19 and Early Childhood Development in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Early Childhood Development Action Network, December 2021
  • Early Childhood Development
Reports and Tools
Authors describe the nature and scope of existing early childhood development (ECD) evidence related to nurturing care components for young children, including health, nutrition, child protection, opportunities for learning, and responsive caregiving. The Early Childhood Development Action Network is launching a COVID-19 and ECD Research Hub to consolidate original research on the pandemic’s effect on young children and families.

The COVID-19 Infant Feeding Research Interest Group and Working Group Online

The COVID-19 Infant Feeding Research Interest Group and Working Group, n.d.
Reports and Tools
These multidisciplinary groups of international experts identify and share what research indicates about safe infant feeding practices during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as pinpointing research needs. Hosted by USAID Advancing Nutrition, the online platform provides recordings of monthly meetings, resource materials, and links to register for meetings and news.

COVID-19, Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition – What Does the Science Tell Us? A Repository

Johns Hopkins Center for Humanitarian Health, June 2020
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
  • Knowledge Management
Reports and Tools
This regularly updated collection of peer-reviewed journal articles on COVID-19 and maternal and child health and nutrition summarizes current evidence. The collection includes syntheses of key points from recently published articles, as well as observations made by the curators.

COVID-19 Nutrition Resources

USAID Advancing Nutrition, August 2020
  • Food Systems
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Reports and Tools
These resources focus on multi-sectoral nutrition programming in the context of COVID-19. Research and reports provide guidance about nutrition in humanitarian contexts, monitoring, evaluation and learning, safe breastfeeding practices for COVID-19 positive women, social and behavior change for nutrition in context of COVID-19, and food security.

COVID-19 Pandemic and Mitigation Strategies: Implications for Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition

Akseer, Nadia, Goutham Kandru, Emily C Keats, et al. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 2020
  • Food Systems
Research Articles
COVID-19 has created profound challenges for maternal and child nutrition. This review urges governments, donors, and others to rely on data for decision-making as they prioritize investments to strengthen food supply chains, respond to acute food shortages, improve access to health care, and provide social safety net programs for the most vulnerable.

Covid-19 Technical Support: Guidance and Tools

UNICEF, Global Technical Assistance Mechanism
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Reports and Tools
UNICEF, the Global Nutrition Cluster, and GTAM have put together technical guidance and tools to help address the effects of COVID-19 on nutrition programming. They are also producing a series of nutrition guidance briefs to help programmers respond to and mitigate the impacts of COVID-19. The first three briefs cover Prevention and Management of Wasting, Nutrition for UNICEF, the Global Nutrition Cluster, and GTAM have put together technical guidance and tools to help address the effects of COVID-19 on nutrition programming. They are also producing a series of nutrition guidance briefs to help programmers respond to and mitigate the impacts of COVID-19. The first three briefs cover Prevention and Management of Wasting, Nutrition for Infants and Young Children, and Nutrition Information Systems.The briefs outline priority actions, recommend adaptations, and outstanding evidence gaps for each topic area, providing practitioners with the most up-to-date nutrition evidence to complement more general COVID-19 response guidance.

COVID-19 and the Crisis in Food Systems: Symptoms, Causes, and Potential Solutions

International Panel on Sustainable Food Systems, April 2020
  • Food Systems
Reports and Tools
The COVID-19 pandemic has provided unexpected insights into the vulnerabilities and strengths of food systems globally. In this communiqué, authors highlight three key vulnerabilities that COVID-19 exposed at the global level and propose four recommendations for a way forward: taking immediate action to protect the most vulnerable, building resilient agro-ecological food systems, rebalancing economic power for the public good, and reforming international food systems governance.

COVID-19 Videos

Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, July 2020
  • Knowledge Management
Reports and Tools
These brief videos demonstrate how women with COVID-19 can safely breastfeed. Videos are available in Spanish, English, French, Russian, Chinese, and Arabic.

COVID-19: Shocks on Nutrition and Potential Mitigation – USAID Guiding Principles and Recommendations

USAID, May 2020
  • Knowledge Management
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Reports and Tools
Summarizing the likely impacts of COVID-19 on nutrition across sectors, this document proposes guiding principles for the response to and recovery from the current crisis. Program designers and implementers can use the document as a framework for advising nutrition. Priority actions cover response and recovery for food and health systems programming, as well as humanitarian assistance and safety nets.

COVID-19’s Triple Threat to Gender Equality, Nutrition and Future Potential

1,000 Days, June 2020
  • Nutrition in Humanitarian Contexts
Reports and Tools
COVID-19 threatens women’s and girls’ health, nutrition, development, and gender equality gains. Financial hardships, overwhelmed health systems, and reduced access to health services compound these threats. Priority actions include providing additional nutritional supplements and counseling, integrating nutrition messages during cash distribution, and holding catch-up child health and immunization campaigns. Countries need data, analytics, and technical assistance to make informed decisions about reducing risk and allocating resources.

Crafting the Next Generation of CGIAR Research: Policy Seminar

CGIAR, October 2019
  • Food Systems
Events
This seminar shared important messages from an upcoming CGIAR report and book on gender research in agriculture and natural resource management. The publications will synthesize current research and propose a forward-looking agenda for future research in this area. Covered topics include gender in climate-smart agriculture and nutrition-sensitive agriculture programing, among others. Introductory summaries for many of the topics are also available on CGIAR’s website.

Creating Demand for Multiple Micronutrient Supplements (MMS): A Mini Guide

Sight and Life, April 2020
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Reports and Tools
Public health practitioners who wish to improve demand for, uptake of, and adherence to multiple micronutrient supplements can look to this guide for assistance. It contains tips categorized into three phases: getting started, project implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. The authors incorporate key elements, questions, and data to help practitioners achieve better results.

Dangerous Assumptions #1: More Income = More Food and Nutrition Security?

WOTRO Science for Global Development, September 2020
  • Knowledge Management
Reports and Tools
There is a lack of consensus about whether income alone leads to greater food and nutrition security. Some argue that higher incomes lead nations to focus on other priorities at the expense of food production and nutrition, while others believe that higher incomes lead to greater access to inputs and land, which in turn leads to higher-quality food production. Experts agree that when women have access to their own income, food and nutrition security increase for the entire family. This is a 27-minute podcast.

Data Collection and Analysis Tools for Food Security and Nutrition: Towards Enhancing Effective, Inclusive, Evidence-Informed, Decision Making

Food and Agriculture Organization, September 2022
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Reports and Tools
Priorities include securing additional financial investment to fill data gaps, addressing low levels of data literacy and analysis skills among data users, and improving global data governance to allow for broad circulation of relevant information while preserving individual rights.