Applying Systematic Review Search Methods to the Grey Literature: A Review of Education and Training Courses on Breastfeeding Support for Health Professionals

Navarro, Ivette, Jose M. Soriano, and Salomé Laredo, International Breastfeeding Journal, April 2021
Research Articles
Lactation training for health professionals is a promising approach to increase and protect breastfeeding but it requires research on its efficacy.

An Approach to Building Equitable Global Health Research Collaborations

Murray, Megan, Joel Mubiligi. Annals of Global Health, October 2020
  • Capacity Strengthening
Reports and Tools
The authors present a model for developing productive, equitable research partnerships between researchers and practitioners from high- and low-income countries. Model elements include mission and goal alignment, meaningful training and mentoring, capacity building, and co-authorship principles.

Approaches to Partnership Measurement: A Landscape Review

USAID MOMENTUM, September 2021
  • Capacity Strengthening
Reports and Tools
While calls for partnership measurement are increasing, no standard approaches or indicators exist. This review recommends developing context-specific measurement approaches. To overcome identified challenges, use multiple indicators and mixed-methods approaches to capture complexity, outcome diversity, and the contributions of partnerships to outcomes. Prioritize participatory approaches and engage all partners in the process.

Are Healthy Diets Affordable? Using New Data on Retail Prices and Diet Costs to Guide Agricultural and Food Policy

International Food Policy Research Institute, Tufts University, the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, July 2022
  • Food Systems
Events
With a focus on diet costs and affordability, speakers discuss data sources and methods for policy-relevant analyses, implications of global variations, and food policy research and monitoring priorities. They advocate for policy analyses to inform agrifood systems transformation. This is a webinar.

The Asia Food Challenge: Harvesting the Future

PWC, Rabobank, and Temasek, November 2019
  • Food Systems
  • Knowledge Management
Reports and Tools
The authoring organizations of this report foresee significant changes to Asia’s food and agricultural landscapes, with food spending expected to increase by around 7 percent per year over the next decade. As a collective call to action, the report outlines various opportunities for investment and innovation in key cities around Asia deemed “Agri-Food Tech Investment and Innovation Hubs.”

Assessing Capacity: Lessons from a Social and Behavior Change Competency Assessment in Uganda

USAID Advancing Nutrition, February 2022
Events
These presentations review the importance of competencies—knowledge, skills, and attitudes—in capacity strengthening for multi-sectoral nutrition, and how to translate them from concepts into tangible, relevant tools for designing high-quality capacity strengthening interventions. The webinars are available in English and French and are accompanied by presentation decks and transcripts.

Assessing Dietary Diversity in Pregnant Women: Relative Validity of the List-Based and Open Recall Methods

Nguyen, Phuong Hong, Yves Martin-Prevel, Mourad Moursi, et al. Current Developments in Nutrition Vol. 4, January 2020
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Research Articles
Few studies have compared list-based and open recall methods for collecting data on micronutrient adequacy from pregnant women. This study aims to fill that information gap and provides evidence for the recommended use of list-based questionnaires when assessing food group diversity or minimum dietary diversity for pregnant women. Conducted in both Bangladesh and India, the study also found that, in resource-poor settings, it may be more feasible to use the list-based tool than other methods for data collection.

Assessing the Nurturing Care Content of UNICEF's Community-Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Package: Gaps, Best Practices, and Lessons Learned

Hromi-Fiedler, Amber J., Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Sofia Segura-Pérez, et al. Current Developments in Nutrition, February 2022
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
Country-level best practices can address nurturing care elements missing from the generic UNICEF Community-Infant and Young Child Feeding Counseling Package. Sharing these practices will help countries prioritize context-driven, evidence-informed decisions.

Assessing Nutrient Gaps and Affordability of Complementary Foods: New Methods and Their Application in Different Settings

Nutrition Reviews, April 2021
Research Articles
This series of articles focuses on nutrient gaps and the affordability of nutritious foods during the complementary feeding period in South Asia and Eastern and Southern Africa, as well as the Comprehensive Nutrient Gap Assessment method for identifying the public health significance of nutrient gaps.

Assessment: Centers of Excellence Model is Strengthening Health Systems in Southeast Asia

Alive & Thrive, February 2022
  • Capacity Strengthening
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Reports and Tools
The Centers of Excellence (CoE) for Breastfeeding model adds value to government-led efforts to scale up essential newborn care and breastfeeding-friendly health services. Engaging champions, providing high-quality technical assistance, and focusing on integrating CoE principles into national health monitoring systems enable implementation and sustainability.

Association of BCC Module Roll-Out in SHG Meetings with Changes in Complementary Feeding and Dietary Diversity Among Children (6–23 months)? Evidence from JEEViKA in Rural Bihar, India

Mondal, Sudipta, William Joe, Santosh Akhauri, et al. PLOS ONE, January 2023
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Research Articles
This research article explores how behavior change communication intervention in India increased adequate dietary diversity and knowledge and awareness of complementary feeding.

Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Nutritional Status of Married Nepalese Women

Chaudhary, Arun, Janet Nakarmi, Annekathryn Goodman. Global Health Research and Policy, May 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Research Articles
Emotional and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) was significantly associated with increased risk of overweight/obesity, sexual IPV was significantly associated with increased risk of underweight (measured by body mass index), and controlling behavior was significantly associated with increased risk of anemia. IPV screening should be part of regular health care assessments, and clinicians should ensure services are available and offered.

Association between Malaria Infection and Early Childhood Development Mediated by Anemia in Rural Kenya

Milner, Erin M., Patricia Kariger, Amy J. Pickering, et al. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 17, February 2020
  • Early Childhood Development
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years and anemia is a well known morbidity resulting from malaria infection. This study in western Kenya found malaria infection significantly increased odds of risk for delays in gross motor, communication, and social-emotional development. Anemia was a significant mediator on the path between malaria infection and poor child development; however, the total effect of anemia was small (it explained only 9-16 percent of the risk), indicating the need for more research to understand the pathways between milder malaria infection and child development outcomes.

Associations Among Early Stimulation, Stunting, and Child Development in Four Countries in the East Asia–Pacific

Rao, Nirmala, Ben Richards, Carrie Lau, et al. International Journal of Early Childhood, August 2020
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
Research in four countries found positive correlations between child development and preschool attendance, preschool duration, and home learning activities among non-stunted and stunted children. This article is behind a paywall.

Associations Between Dimensions of Empowerment and Nutritional Status Among Married Adolescent Girls in East Africa: A Structural Equation Modelling Study

Riddle, Alison Y., Wenshan Li, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, et al. BMC Public Health, February 2023
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Research Articles
This research examines how investments in girls’ economic empowerment and access to information may contribute to their overall empowerment and nutritional status, while greater autonomy may contribute to increased consumption of unhealthy foods. More qualitative and longitudinal research and better quality data on adolescent empowerment and health, including age-, sex- and gender-appropriate empowerment measures, are vital.

Associations between Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration and Children's Developmental Outcomes: Evidence from Siaya County, Kenya

Onyango, Silas, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage, Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, et al. PLOS One, March 2022
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
Exclusive breastfeeding in the 3- to 6-month age range has significant positive associations with child development, especially for communication, gross motor skills, and problem solving.

Associations between Women’s Empowerment and Child Development, Growth, and Nurturing Care Practices in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Demographic and Health Survey Data

Bliznashka, Lilia, Ifeyinwa E. Udo, Christopher R. Sudfeld, et al. PLOS Medicine, September 2021
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
There is a strong association between women’s empowerment and early child cognitive development, child growth, early learning, and nutrition outcomes. Authors call for future research to explore the relationship between empowerment and socioemotional, literacy–numeracy, or physical development.

Attitudes and Perceptions about Breastfeeding Among Female and Male Informal Workers in India and South Africa

Horwood, C., A. Surie, L. Haskins, et al. BMC Public Health, June 2020
  • Food Systems
Research Articles
Most women surveyed understood the benefits of breastfeeding and initiated breastfeeding, but household responsibilities and financial obligations frequently forced an early return to work. This led to changes in infant feeding practices, including adding breast milk substitutes. Men viewed breastfeeding as beneficial for mother and child, but reported that it was culturally unacceptable for women to breastfeed in public.

Baby Friendly Spaces: An Intervention for Pregnant and Lactating Women and Their Infants in Cameroon

Dozio, Elizabeth, K. Le Roch, C. Bizouerne. Intervention, 18:78-84, January 2020
  • Early Childhood Development
Research Articles
The Baby Friendly Spaces program provides workshops focusing on improving maternal mental health, infant and young child feeding practices, early child stimulation, and parenting skills in the context of complex humanitarian emergencies. Researchers found statistically significant changes in psychosocial suffering among pregnant and lactating women, perceived social support, breastfeeding practices, and mother-child relationships.

Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative Training Course for Maternity Staff

World Health Organization, The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), August 2020
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Reports and Tools
Many health workers lack training to support women to establish and sustain breastfeeding. This resource provides guidance for leaders to plan a course and select trainers and participants. The trainer's guide contains slides and other materials to facilitate the course, while the participant manual provides worksheets, checklists, and job aids.

Barriers and Facilitators to Growth Monitoring and Promotion in Nepal: Household, Health Worker and Female Community Health Volunteer Perceptions

Pollifrone, Madeline M., Kenda Cunningham, Pooja Pandey Rana, et al. Maternal & Child Nutrition, July 2020
  • Nutrition and Health Systems
Research Articles
Growth assessment, analysis of growth status, and counseling are important factors in measuring growth monitoring and promotion (GMP). Research finds that providers and beneficiaries view GMP as secondary to curative services. Distance, long lines, and crying children hinder engagement, while provider knowledge, skills, and training are barriers. Community‐ and home‐based interventions with trained and supervised community‐based providers may be superior to facility‐based options.

Basis for Changes in the Disease Burden Estimates Related to Vitamin A and Zinc Deficiencies in the 2017 and 2019 Global Burden of Disease Studies

Hess, Sonja Y., Alexander C. McLain, Haley Lescinsky, et al. Public Health Nutrition, December 2021
  • Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
Research Articles
Changes in the estimated disease burdens due to vitamin A and zinc deficiencies from 2017 to 2019 are primarily due to changes in analytical methods employed in the Global Burden of Disease studies; as a result, they may not represent true changes in disease burden.

Behavior Profile: Continued Breastfeeding

The Manoff Group, n.d.
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Reports and Tools
This tool provides a framework for identifying individual, social, and structural factors that support or hinder continued breastfeeding through age two. Acknowledging the importance of external forces on continued breastfeeding, the tool guides the identification of supportive actions required by policymakers and others and facilitates thinking about possible program strategies.

Behavioral Barriers to Feeding Young Children During and After Illness

USAID Advancing Nutrition, Breakthrough ACTION, September 2022
  • Social and Behavior Change and Gender
Reports and Tools
Behavioral factors can impede optimal complementary feeding—during and after illness. Findings point to how programs can equip community- and facility-based health workers with tools, messages, and other resources to guide and encourage families to feed children appropriately during illness and recovery.