Anemia is a public health concern disproportionately affecting young children, pregnant women, and women of reproductive age. The Global Burden of Disease Study estimates that iron deficiency anemia and thalassemia are the leading anemia causes worldwide.
While anemia is prevalent around the world, the underlying causes differ among different populations and regions. A “one size fits all” approach does not exist, and implementation of strategies to reduce anemia depend on the main causes of anemia, and the financial and technical capacity of each country.
Factors Associated with Anaemia in a Nationally Representative Sample of Nonpregnant Women of Reproductive Age in Nepal
National Micronutrient Status Survey published by Maternal & Child Nutrition in
This study evaluated haemoglobin, biomarkers of iron status and other micronutrients, infection, inflammation, and blood disorders from the cross‐sectional 2016 Nepal National Micronutrient Status Survey with the aim to evaluate factors associated with anaemia among a nationally representative sample of nonpregnant women of reproductive age.
Development and Rollout of National Maternal Anemia Materials: Experience from Mozambique
Brief published by Maternal and Child Survival Program in
This brief describes the Maternal and Child Survival Program's experience in partnering with Mozambique's Ministry of Health in developing national anemia behavior change communication materials, and using them in the health system.
How Non Consumers Differ from Consumers: A Qualitative Approach to Synthesize the Attributes of Iron Folic Acid End Users
Journal Article published by Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research in
This study explores the manifold aspects related to anemia and iron–folic acid supplementation with special emphasis on contributory factors behind low levels of iron–folic acid consumption at the consumer end. The authors identify an informational gap as the fundamental factor contributing to suboptimal iron–folic acid consumption.
Multi-Sectoral Anemia Efforts at the National Level in Uganda
Technical Report published by SPRING in
This process documentation identifies the successes and challenges of establishing a multi-sectoral anemia platform in Uganda, analyzes the key factors that led to outcomes, and identifies potential areas for making improvements to the process in terms of sustainability of efforts. This process documentation uses data from two rounds of semi-…
The Proportion of Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency in Low, Medium, and High Human Development Index Countries: A Systematic Analysis of National Surveys
Systematic Review published by Nutrients in
This article presents findings from a meta-analysis assessing the proportion of anemia that is attributable to iron deficiency. Data from 23 countries was pooled for pre-school children and non-pregnant women of reproductive age and the proportion of anemia attributable to iron deficiency was estimated by region, inflammation exposure, anemia…
Translating Formative Research Findings into a Behaviour Change Strategy to Promote Antenatal Calcium and Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation in Western Kenya
Journal Article published by Maternal and Child Nutrition in
This study involved in-depth interviews with 22 pregnant and postpartum women and 20 community-based and facility-based health workers in Kenya for the purposes of planning a calcium and iron–folic acid supplementation program. Interviews assessed awareness of anemia, preeclampsia, and eclampsia; ANC attendance; and barriers and facilitators to…