Documents included in this toolkit have been identified by members of the USAID Advancing Nutrition Anemia Task Force. The Anemia Task Force members are experts in fields of study related to various aspects of anemia - biology, its assessment, interventions to reduce its burden, and the enabling environment that influences anemia policies and programs. The included resources have been selected for their utility in understanding anemia and relevant to actions that can be taken to reduce it.
This toolkit will be updated on a rolling basis – for inquiries or suggestions for resources to add, please contact email@example.com.
Maternal Anemia during Pregnancy and Small for Gestational Age: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Systematic Review published by The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine in
This systematic review aims to determine the relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy and newborns small for gestational age. The review considers 10 studies including more than 600,000 pregnant women and identifies a nonsignificant relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy and small-for-gestational-age births. Maternal…
Changing the Way We Think About Micronutrient Assessment and Anemia Programming
Brief published by SPRING in
The Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project set out to improve the interpretation of iron and vitamin A biomarker results and our understanding of the main risk factors for anemia. The BRINDA findings indicate the importance of applying adjustments for inflammation to iron and vitamin A biomarkers…
Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Pregnancy: The Role of Parenteral Iron
Literature Review published by Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in
This review presents evidence on the impact on maternal mortality of iron–folic acid supplementation from observational studies that were analyzed for the Global Burden of Disease analysis in 2004, and summarizes the evidence from other reviews on this topic.
Effects of Birth Spacing on Maternal, Perinatal, Infant, and Child Health: A Systematic Review of Causal Mechanisms
Systematic Review published by Studies in Family Planning in
This systematic review of 58 observational studies identified hypothetical causal mechanisms explaining the effects of short and long intervals between pregnancies on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health.
Impact of Increasing Inter-pregnancy Interval on Maternal and Infant Health
Systematic Review published by Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology in
The objective of this systematic review was to assess the impact of increasing interpregnancy intervals (the time between the birth of a previous child and conception of the next child), defined as the time from birth to conception, on maternal and child health outcomes in any setting. The authors found too few higher-quality studies of the impact…
Literature Review published by Food and Nutrition Bulletin in
This book chapter provides a comprehensive review of the literature linking iron deficiency to disability and death, including child mortality, perinatal mortality, maternal mortality, and mild mental retardation outcomes. The authors suggest that iron deficiency anemia contributes substantially to global death and disability, with a great…