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We found 13 resource(s)

Documents included in this toolkit have been identified by members of the USAID Advancing Nutrition Anemia Task Force. The Anemia Task Force members are experts in fields of study related to various aspects of anemia - biology, its assessment, interventions to reduce its burden, and the enabling environment that influences anemia policies and programs. The included resources have been selected for their utility in understanding anemia and relevant to actions that can be taken to reduce it.

This toolkit will be updated on a rolling basis – for inquiries or suggestions for resources to add, please contact

Accelerating Action to Reduce Anemia: Review of Causes and Risk Factors and Related Data Needs
Literature Review published by Ann N Y Acad Sci in
This narrative review describes the causes and risk factors, and related data needs for reducing anemia for different population subgroups within a country and presents principles for the design and implementation of effective strategies to prevent and treat anemia.
Hypoxia‐Inducible Factor Stabilisers for the Anaemia of Chronic Kidney Disease
Systematic Review published by Cochrane Library in
We aimed to assess the benefits and potential harms of hypoxia‐inducible factor stabilizers for the management of anemia in people with chronic kidney disease.
Iron Deficiency
Journal Article published by The Lancet in
This review describes the causes and biological mechanisms that lead to iron deficiency, methods to assess the burden of disease, and the various available treatment options.
Hepcidin-Ferroportin Interaction Controls Systemic Iron Homeostasis
Journal Article published by International Journal of Molecular Sciences in
This review describes the role of the iron-regulatory peptide hormone hepcidin and cellular iron exporter ferroportin in the evolution of iron deficiency.
Maternal Anemia during Pregnancy and Small for Gestational Age: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Systematic Review published by The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine in
This systematic review aims to determine the relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy and newborns small for gestational age. The review considers 10 studies including more than 600,000 pregnant women and identifies a nonsignificant relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy and small-for-gestational-age births. Maternal…
Anemia Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Etiology in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Journal Article published by Ann N Y Acad Sci in
This review outline definitions and classifications of anemia, describe the biological mechanisms through which anemia develops, and reviews the variety of conditions that contribute to anemia development.
Six Key Actions to Reduce Anemia
Toolkit published by SPRING in
This brief describes country-led efforts to coordinate and implement anemia prevention and control, offering lessons learned to help other countries design the best possible solutions.
Changing the Way We Think About Micronutrient Assessment and Anemia Programming
Brief published by SPRING in
The Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project set out to improve the interpretation of iron and vitamin A biomarker results and our understanding of the main risk factors for anemia. The BRINDA findings indicate the importance of applying adjustments for inflammation to iron and vitamin A biomarkers…