Food fortification refers to the addition of specific micronutrients to commonly consumed foods that are processed by food industries, such as rice and cereal flours, vegetable oil, sugar, salt, dairy, and other food products. The fortification strategies used to cater either the general public or specific population groups are identified as mass food fortification or targeted fortification, respectively.

Chosen fortification levels for mass fortification should not provide excessive micronutrients to consumers without micronutrient deficiencies.

Targeted fortification is a form of food fortification that is aimed at specific population groups that are at higher risk of nutrient deficiencies, such as children. As the serving size is almost always controlled, the fortification contents could be higher and tailored to the nutritional requirements of the group. In addition to the vehicles mentioned before, other fortification vehicles include blended flours (i.e. combination of cereal and legume flours), and Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) and Ready-to-Use Supplementary Foods (RUSF).

We found 17 resource(s)

Wheat Flour Fortification with Iron for Reducing Anaemia and Improving Iron Status in Populations
Systematic Review published by Cochrane Library in
This Cochrane Systematic Review synthesizes the evidence pertaining to the benefits and harms of wheat flour fortification with iron alone or with other vitamins and minerals in relation to anemia, iron status, and health‐related outcomes in populations over 2 years of age. Evidence from 9 studies suggests a very low to moderate certainty…
Food Fortification with Multiple Micronutrients: Impact on Health Outcomes in General Population
Systematic Review published by Cochrane Library in
This Cochrane Systematic Review synthesizes the evidence pertaining to the impact of food fortification with multiple micronutrients on health outcomes in the general population, including men, women, and children.
Fortification of Staple Foods with Vitamin A for Vitamin A Deficiency
Systematic Review published by Cochrane Library in
This Cochrane Systematic Review synthesizes the evidence pertaining to the effects of fortifying staple foods with vitamin A in reducing vitamin A deficiency and improving health‐related outcomes in the general population older than 2 years.
Fortification of Wheat and Maize Flour with Folic Acid for Population Health Outcomes
Systematic Review published by Cochrane Library in
This Cochrane Systematic Review synthesizes the evidence pertaining to the safety and health benefits of folic acid fortification of wheat and maize flour for folate status and health outcomes in the overall population, compared to wheat or maize flour without folic acid. Evidence from 10 studies suggests that the fortification of wheat flour with…
Operational Guidance on Interventions to Reduce Anemia
Information, Education and Communication Materials published by WHO eLENA in
The below-listed external resources provide important information on relevant health topics related relevant for anemia and its etiologies.
Fortification of Maize Flour with Iron for Controlling Anaemia and Iron Deficiency in Populations
Systematic Review published by Cochrane Library in
This Systematic Review synthesizes the evidence pertaining to the effects of iron fortification of maize flour, cornmeal, and maize flour products on anemia and iron status in the general population. Evidence from 5 studies suggests that it is uncertain whether fortifying maize flour with iron and other vitamins and minerals reduces the risk of…
Interventional Strategies for Prevention of Nutritional Anemia
Literature Review published by Nutritional Anemia in Preschool Children (Chapter 14 ) in
This book chapter discusses strategies for anemia prevention in children, including dietary approaches as well as prevention of diarrhea and helminth infection.
Senegal: Major Shift for Women and Adolescent Girls' Nutrition
Brief published by Nutrition International in
This article describes the Micronutrient Initiative’s Right Start program in Senegal, funded by the Government of Canada, which aims to significantly improve nutrition for women and adolescent girls.